Last updated on: 10/2/2019 | Author:

Pro & Con Quotes: Should the Federal Minimum Wage Be Increased?

PRO (yes)

Pro 1

Pramila Jayapal, MBA, (D-WA) and Ayanna Pressley (D-MA), US Representatives, in a July 18, 2019 article, “Pramila Jayapal and Ayanna Pressley: Raising the Minimum Wage Is a Women’s Issue,” available at, stated:

“For women and men across the country, this [minimum wage] raise is long overdue. Congress hasn’t passed a wage increase for more than a decade. The bill the House is likely to vote on this week, the Raise the Wage Act, would increase the hourly minimum gradually from $7.25 to $15 in 2024.

Passing this legislation would mean that millions of women will get a necessary raise. Many work hard every day performing services that are essential to our communities and our society, and yet they earn so little that they still worry about paying their bills. We’re talking, for example, about the more than half a million childcare workers whose typical pay is just $11.17 per hour. And we’re talking about the nearly 800,000 home health aides whose median pay is $11.63.

The overwhelming share of individuals doing the life-supporting, honorable, and extremely challenging work of caring for our children, people with disabilities, and seniors are women. These types of female-dominated, low-paid jobs are in the fields with the largest projected growth over the next decade. Meanwhile, Wall Street employees, who are predominantly male, made an average of $422,500 (over $200 per hour) in 2017.”

July 18, 2019

Pro 2

Anna Godøy, PhD, and Michael Reich, PhD, research economists at the Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics at the University of California at Berkeley, in a July 11, 2019 article, “The US Can Raise the Minimum Wage to $15 without Hurting Jobs,” available at, stated:

“What we found was that higher minimum wages do not have adverse effects on employment, or the weeks or hours worked among minimum wage workers — even four years after minimum wages are increased. We didn’t find adverse employment effects among women and minority groups, either. As a result, we determined that the United States can raise pay to $15 an hour by 2024 without hurting jobs, even in low-wage states…

Higher minimum wages reduce employee turnover costs and increase worker productivity. They raise consumer demand by increasing the purchasing power of workers. Low-wage employers, particularly in the restaurant industry, also absorb minimum wage costs through small price increases in restaurants. Those of us who eat in restaurants are able and willing to pay a few cents more for a typical meal, so restaurant sales go up even with the small price increases.

Our research indicates that pay can increase to $15 an hour in low-wage states without losing jobs, that incomes will grow, and fewer children will grow up in poverty.”

July 11, 2019

Pro 3

David Cooper, MPP, Senior Economic Analyst and Deputy Director of the Economic Analysis and Research Network (EARN) at the Economic Policy Institute, in a Feb. 5, 2019 article, “Raising the Federal Minimum Wage to $15 by 2024 Would Lift Pay for Nearly 40 Million Workers,” available at, stated:

“Since its inception during the Great Depression, a strong minimum wage has been recognized as a key labor market institution that, if effectively maintained, can provide the foundation for equitable and adequate pay for American workers. However, the failure to regularly and adequately raise the federal minimum wage over the past five decades is one of several policy failures that have denied a generation of American workers more significant improvement in their quality of life. In fact, the erosion of the minimum wage has left low-wage workers today earning significantly less than their counterparts 50 years ago.

Raising the federal minimum wage to $15 by 2024 would take its value to a level that finally ensures full-time work is a means to escape poverty, and it would provide tens of millions of America’s lowest-paid workers with a substantial, long-overdue improvement in their standard of living. Past increases in the minimum wage have been inadequate to preserve low-wage workers’ standard of living, let alone allow them to share in the broader benefits of rising productivity and a growing economy.”

Feb. 5, 2019

Pro 4

Donald Norcross, US Representative (D-NJ), in an Oct. 12, 2018 article for titled “If Amazon Can Raise the Minimum Wage, Why Can’t Congress?,” wrote:

“The best social program in the world is a good job with fair wages and the dignity that comes with it. Now serving in Congress, I can say with certainty that raising wages is the moral issue of our time…

Leaders in the House and Senate haven’t acted to raise the federal minimum wage in over 11 years, and it’s stuck at $7.25 an hour. That leaves Americans who work full-time living in poverty. These families come up thousands of dollars short each month just trying to meet basic living standards…

It’s illogical that our nation’s workers are more productive than ever, but aren’t being rewarded for it. Workers are struggling with high health care costs, expensive prescription drugs and worries about whether or not they’ll be able to retire with dignity. The sad truth is, business profits are all going to CEO bonuses and offshore accounts instead of actual paychecks…

Every single time Congress raised the minimum wage, it passed with strong bipartisan support. History shows that if we can just put the issue to a vote, it will pass by a wide margin. So let’s get to it. Americans are ready – and waiting – for Congress to raise the wage.”

Oct. 12, 2018

Pro 5

Sarita Gupta, Co-Executive Director at Jobs With Justice, in a Jan. 10, 2018 article for the Women’s Media Center titled “Why Women Fight for $15 Minimum Wage,” wrote:

“Economic inequality continues to increase in the United States. The richest 1 percent control almost 40 percent of our country’s wealth, while people earning the federal minimum of $7.25 per hour are living near or below the poverty line in almost every state. Women, who make up two-thirds of the minimum wage workforce, are most severely impacted.

Increasing wages seems like a no-brainer. Minimum wage raises across the board would put women and men on equal economic footing, as well as spur economic growth. Higher wages put more money in the pockets of more people and boost consumer spending, increasing overall economic activity. Boosting the minimum wage also would help shrink the gender pay gap and the imbalances of power in the workplace that come with it. On average, women earn only about 80 cents per every dollar that a man earns. And the gap is even wider for Black and Latina women.”

Jan. 10, 2018

Pro 6

The National Employment Law Project (NELP), in the “Minimum Wage Question and Answer” section of its Raise the Minimum Wage website, available at the Raise the Minimum Wage website. (accessed Feb. 10, 2016), wrote:

“Raising the minimum wage right now is more important than ever. Minimum wage increases stimulate the economy by increasing consumer spending, without adding to state and federal budget deficits. Consumer spending drives 70 percent of the economy, and increasing demand is key for jumpstarting production and re-hiring. A raise in the minimum wage puts money into the pockets of low-income consumers, who immediately spend it at local businesses… Strengthening the minimum wage can help build a sustainable economic recovery – without increasing costs for taxpayers…

[S]ix of the top ten growth occupations projected by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics for next decade are low-wage jobs, including home health aides, customer service representatives, food preparation and service workers, personal and home care aides, retail salespersons, and office clerks. Raising the minimum wage would boost pay scales in these types of jobs where millions of Americans today spend their careers… Research has documented how, especially in low-wage industries, raising wages reduces turnover, because workers who are paid more stay with their current employer longer.”

Feb. 10, 2016

Pro 7

The New York Times and CBS News, in a May 28-31, 2015 poll of 1,022 people, as reported in a June 3, 2015 article in the New York Times titled “Americans’ Views on Income Inequality and Workers’ Rights,” found:

“As you may know, the federal minimum wage is currently $7.25 an hour. Do you favor or oppose raising the minimum wage to $10.10?”

GroupGroup Share: FavorGroup Share: Oppose
All adults71%26%
Income less than $50,00079%19%
Income $50,000 – $99,99963%34%
Income more than $100,00065%34%
Union household75%23%

May 28-31, 2015

Pro 8

Barack Obama, JD, 44th President of the United States, in his Feb. 12, 2013 “State of the Union Address,” available from, stated:

“Tonight, let’s declare that in the wealthiest nation on Earth, no one who works full-time should have to live in poverty, and raise the federal minimum wage to $9.00 an hour…

This single step would raise the incomes of millions of working families. It could mean the difference between groceries or the food bank; rent or eviction; scraping by or finally getting ahead. For businesses across the country, it would mean customers with more money in their pockets. And a whole lot of folks out there would probably need less help from government.  In fact, working folks shouldn’t have to wait year after year for the minimum wage to go up while CEO pay has never been higher.”

Feb. 12, 2013

Pro 9

Robert B. Reich, JD, Chancellor’s Professor of Public Policy at the University of California at Berkeley and former US Secretary of Labor, in a May 7, 2015 blog post titled “Raise the Minimum Wage to $15,” available from, stated:

“If the minimum wage in 1968 had simply kept up with inflation it would be more than $10 today.  If it also kept up with the added productivity of American workers since then, it would be more than $21 an hour…

More money in people’s pockets means more demand for goods and services, which means more jobs not fewer jobs.

Studies also show that when the minimum is raised more people are brought into the pool of potential employees, giving employers more choice of whom to hire. This reduces turnover and helps employers save money.

Finally, employers who don’t pay enough to lift their employees out of poverty are indirectly subsidized by the rest of us – who are paying billions each year in food stamps, Medicaid, housing assistance, and welfare, to make up the difference.

The minimum wage should be raised to $15 an hour. It’s the least that a decent society should require.”

May 7, 2015

Pro 10

Business for a Fair Minimum Wage, a network of business owners, executives and investors, in the “Business for a Fair Minimum Wage Federal Sign on Statement,” available from the Business for a Fair Minimum Wage website (accessed Feb. 11, 2016), wrote:

“As business owners and executives, we support gradually raising the federal minimum wage to at least $12 by 2020. It’s good for business, customers and our economy. Today’s outdated minimum wage has far less buying power than it had in the 1960s. Stuck since 2009 at $7.25 an hour – just $15,080 a year – the minimum wage impoverishes working families and weakens the consumer spending at the heart of our economy.

Raising the minimum wage makes good business sense. Workers are also customers. Minimum wage increases boost sales at local businesses as workers buy goods and services they could not afford before. And nothing drives job creation more than consumer demand. Businesses also see cost savings from lower employee turnover and benefit from increased productivity, product quality and customer satisfaction. The most rigorous studies of the impact of actual minimum wage increases show they do not cause job loss. Raising the minimum wage will keep more dollars circulating in our local economy and reduce the growing strain on our social safety net caused by inadequate wages.”

Feb. 11, 2016

Pro 11

Nick Hanauer, Founding Investor of, in a June 2014 op-ed for Politico magazine titled “The Pitchforks Are Coming… For Us Plutocrats,” stated:

“If a worker earns $7.25 an hour, which is now the national minimum wage, what proportion of that person’s income do you think ends up in the cash registers of local small businesses? Hardly any. That person is paying rent, ideally going out to get subsistence groceries at Safeway, and, if really lucky, has a bus pass. But she’s not going out to eat at restaurants. Not browsing for new clothes. Not buying flowers on Mother’s Day…

If people are getting $15 an hour or more, they don’t need food stamps. They don’t need rent assistance. They don’t need you and me to pay for their medical care. If the consumer middle class is back, buying and shopping, then it stands to reason you won’t need as large a welfare state. And at the same time, revenues from payroll and sales taxes would rise, reducing the deficit.”

June 2014

Pro 12

600+ economists, including seven Nobel Laureates, in a Jan. 14, 2014 letter to President Obama, available from the Economic Policy Institute’s website under the title “Over 600 Economists Sign Letter in Support of $10.10 Minimum Wage,” wrote:

“July [2014] will mark five years since the federal minimum wage was last raised. We urge you to act now and enact a three-step raise of 95 cents a year for three years—which would mean a minimum wage of $10.10 by 2016—and then index it to protect against inflation…

This policy would directly provide higher wages for close to 17 million workers by 2016. Furthermore, another 11 million workers whose wages are just above the new minimum would likely see a wage increase through ‘spillover’ effects, as employers adjust their internal wage ladders. The vast majority of employees who would benefit are adults in working families…

In recent years there have been important developments in the academic literature on the effect of increases in the minimum wage on employment, with the weight of evidence now showing that increases in the minimum wage have had little or no negative effect on the employment of minimum-wage workers, even during times of weakness in the labor market. Research suggests that a minimum-wage increase could have a small stimulative effect on the economy as low-wage workers spend their additional earnings, raising demand and job growth, and providing some help on the jobs front.”

Jan. 14, 2014

Pro 13

New York State’s Department of Labor, in a Feb. 2016 report titled “Analysis: Raising New York’s Minimum Wage to $15,” available from, stated:

“Raising the hourly minimum wage to $15 in New York State – as Governor Andrew M. Cuomo is proposing – provides vitally important benefits to the state’s economy, ensuring opportunity for millions of New Yorkers and creating jobs.

On the facts, raising the minimum wage increases the standard of living for workers, reduces poverty, incentivizes fair and more efficient business practices, and ensures that the most vulnerable members of the workforce can contribute to the economy. Increasing the minimum wage stimulates demand for goods and services, leading employers to bring on new staff to keep up with this increased demand. As a whole, all New Yorkers benefit from a $15 minimum wage…

Raising the minimum wage to $15 would directly benefit 2.3 million workers in New York State, or about a quarter of the total workforce. Contrary to what many believe, raising the minimum wage affects more adults – including many who support families – than it does high-school students earning weekend pocket money. Half of all workers earning $15 per hour or less are 35 or older. Outside of New York City, 70 percent of these workers are over the age of 25. In New York City, 80 percent of these minimum wage workers are over age 25, and more than half (over 53 percent) are 35 or older.”

Feb. 2016

Pro 14

Hillary Clinton, JD, former US Secretary of State and 2016 presidential candidate, in a Nov. 3, 2015 speech to constituents in Iowa, reported on by the Huffington Post in an article titled “Hillary Clinton: Raise Federal Minimum Wage to $12 Per Hour,” stated:

“I want to raise the federal minimum wage to $12, and encourage other communities to go even higher… I think we can manage it, and I don’t think there should be any unintended consequences to job creation.”

Nov. 3, 2015

Pro 15

Bernie Sanders, US Senator (D-VT) and 2016 presidential candidate, in a July 22, 2015 speech at a “Raise the Minimum Wage” rally, available from, stated:

“In the year 2015, a job has got to lift workers out of poverty, not keep them in it. The $7.25 an hour federal minimum wage is a starvation wage. It has got to be increased to a living wage!

That means raising the minimum wage to at least $15 an hour!

That means closing the loophole that allows employers to pay tipped workers a shamefully low $2.13 an hour!

And that means demanding that Senate contractors and federal contractors pay all of their workers a living wage with affordable healthcare, decent benefits and the right to collectively bargain! And that’s exactly why we are here today.

Today, more than half of all African American workers and nearly 60 percent of Latino workers make less than $15 an hour. That is unacceptable!”

July 22, 2015

Pro 16

Mitt Romney, MBA, JD, former Governor of Massachusetts and 2012 presidential candidate, in a May 9, 2014 interview reported on in part by Steve Benen in an article for MSNBC titled “Romney, Santorum Back Minimum-Wage Hike,” stated:

“I, for instance, as you know, part company with many of the conservatives in my party on the issue of the minimum wage. I think we ought to raise it… Because frankly, our party is all about more jobs and better pay.”

May 9, 2014

CON (no)

Con 1

Jack Kelly, Senior Contributor to, in a July 10, 2019 article, “The Unintended Consequences of Raising Minimum Wage to $15,” available at, stated:

“The idea of raising the minimum wage is noble and commendable, but many of the arguments rely upon raw emotion and neglect sound economic ramifications that will adversely impact the same people it’s trying to help.

Raising the minimum wage has a number of serious and negative unintended consequences. Employers, especially small family and midsize businesses, will be disproportionately hurt by the extra costs incurred. The local neighborhood stores and businesses with razor-thin profits will be forced to raise prices to make up for the addition labor costs. With the increased prices, customers may elect to take their business elsewhere. Losing customers means losing income, which could result in the business having to layoff workers.

Large corporations with big budgets will weigh the increased labor costs and elect to invest in technology to displace workers. This trend will soon become prevalent in the food service industry, hospitality, retail, construction and manufacturing.”

July 10, 2019

Con 2

Adam Michel, MA, Senior Policy Analyst at the Grover M. Hermann Center of the Heritage Foundation, in an Aug. 13, 2019 article, “No, Wages Are Not Rising Because of Minimum Wage Laws,” available at, stated:

“Such a move [raising the minimum wage to $15] would backfire in a major way if passed into law. It would hurt lower-skilled individuals the most, including teenagers, immigrants, and those without a high school degree. And women, who hold more low-wage jobs than men, would be hurt the most, accounting for more than 60% of the resulting lay-offs…

There is now ample evidence that pro-growth policies, like business tax cuts, fuel wage growth and new hiring. Research on the minimum wage tells the opposite story: one of job loss and wage stagnation.

The economic fact is that when the government forces businesses to pay an employee a mandated hourly wage, businesses are left with few options: Cut hours, lay off workers, or reduce benefits—or some combination of these.”

Aug. 13, 2019

Con 3

Vance Ginn, PhD, Director of the Center for Economic Prosperity at the Texas Public Policy Foundation, in an Oct. 26, 2018 article titled “Amazon’s Minimum Wage Revelation: It’s About Competition, Not Workers,” available from, wrote:

“Despite the commonly held perception that minimum wage laws reduce income inequality and provide the poor with a better life, the real effects are the opposite.

Minimum wage laws have proven detrimental by reducing job creation and the total hours worked for low-skilled workers, who are primarily paid the minimum wage and have less than a high school diploma or little work experience. And the laws raise prices for everyone – thus widening income inequality…

Lower-skilled workers are especially vulnerable to the proven job losses caused by federal minimum wage increases because employers who can’t afford the increases in the cost of production simply close up shop, reduce employee hours, or even switch to automation.

A recent study on the effects of minimum wage raises in California using data from 1990 to 2016 showed that a 10% increase in the minimum wage could contribute to a 3.4% reduction in employment. Key industries hit hardest are restaurants and retail stores that typically operate on razor-thin profit margins and often hire low-skilled workers and those new to the workforce.”

Oct. 26, 2018

Con 4

Brittany Hunter, Associate Editor at the Foundation for Economic Education (FEE), in a Jan. 12, 2017 article for titled “What Puerto Rico Can Teach Us about Raising the Minimum Wage,” wrote:

“When the minimum wage is increased, the private sector is responsible for finding the means to actually pay for these increases. Though many companies will be forced to raise prices in order to continue operating within their profit margins, some might be left with no choice but to lay off employees or dramatically cut employee hours.

Since minimum wage pay is typically associated with entry-level workers, if employers are forced to let these employees go, they will lack the skills necessary to quickly rebound in the job market. As a result, the unemployment rate begins to rise.”

Jan. 12, 2017

Con 5

The US Chamber of Commerce, in the “Labor” section of its website, available at (accessed Feb. 11, 2016), wrote:

“We oppose minimum wage increases and living wage laws that ultimately hurt entry level workers. Economic studies have shown that mandatory wage hikes price the lowest skilled workers out of jobs. If companies are forced to pay an arbitrarily higher wage, they will seek workers with skills to match.”

Feb. 11, 2016

Con 6

The Cato Institute, in a fact sheet titled “Four Reasons Not to Raise the Minimum Wage,” available from (accessed Feb. 11, 2016), wrote:

“Some policymakers are proposing to raise the minimum wage, but that policy would be harmful. Research shows businesses would respond to the increased costs by reducing employment, particularly for low-skilled workers. Some businesses may pass the higher costs on to consumers. Despite the hope of proponents, the minimum wage does little, if anything, to decrease poverty.

It Would Result In Job Loss
Evidence of job losses have been found since the earliest imposition of the minimum wage…

It Would Hurt Low-Skilled Workers
Evidence shows minimum wage increases disproportionally hurt the people they’re supposed to help…

It Would Have Little Effect On Reducing Poverty
Evidence suggests that minimum wage increases don’t reduce poverty…

It May Result In Higher Prices For Consumers
The costs of minimum wage increases must be paid by someone.

Feb. 11, 2016

Con 7

Douglas Holtz-Eakin, PhD, President of the American Action Forum and former Director of the Congressional Budget Office, in a Dec. 4, 2013 opinion piece for the New York Times titled “Raising Minimum Wage Is Misguided Policy,” wrote:

“Myriad research indicates that raising the minimum wage, while not destroying jobs, impedes job creation. That means an even slower recovery to full employment. California’s new bump in the minimum wage to $10 will prevent the creation of almost 200,000 new jobs. If every state followed suit, more than 2.3 million jobs across the country would never see the light of day.”

Dec. 4, 2013

Con 8

Antony Davies, PhD, Associate Professor of Economics at Duquesne University, and James R. Harrigan, PhD, Senior Fellow at the Institute of Political Economy at Utah State University, in an Oct. 21, 2013 article for titled “Raising the Minimum Wage Is No Free Lunch,” wrote:

“Raising the minimum wage does not increase the value of the worker’s labor. It increases the cost of the worker’s labor. And as everyone knows, the more something costs, the less of it we buy…

In a bizarre twist, raising the minimum wage hurts the very people it aims to help. As detailed in a forthcoming paper to be published by the Mercatus Center, national employment data from 1975 through 2012 show that on average, a 10 percent increase in the minimum wage has been followed by no change in employment among college-educated workers, a half-percentage point increase in unemployment for those with high school diplomas, and a one percentage point increase in unemployment for those without high school diplomas. Young people who have yet to finish high school are hit hardest of all. They have to contend with a two percentage point increase in unemployment, and as a result many are unable to find summer employment – employment that would help them acquire the skills to find better work in the future.

This is what happens when economics takes a back seat to political considerations. The feel-good rhetoric of increasing the minimum wage outweighs the economic reality that there is no such thing as a free lunch. Every cost must be paid by someone, and those who will pay for a minimum wage hike are the very people we are trying to help.”

Oct. 21, 2013

Con 9

The National Restaurant Association, in an issue brief titled “Minimum Wage,” available from (accessed Feb. 11, 2016), wrote:

“As businesses struggle to recover from the economic recession, dramatic, mandatory wage increases would place yet another financial burden on business owners who are already feeling the pressures of a weak economy and additional costs and regulatory complexity associated with the Affordable Care Act…

Many restaurateurs would be forced to limit hiring, increase prices, cut employee hours or implement a combination of all three to pay for the wage increase. According to National Restaurant Association research, 58 percent of restaurant operators increased menu prices and 41 percent reduced employee hours following the 2007 minimum wage increase.”

Feb. 11, 2016

Con 10

Steve H. Hanke, PhD, Professor of Applied Economics at Johns Hopkins University, in an Apr. 2014 article for Globe Asia titled “Let the Data Speak: The Truth Behind Minimum Wage Laws,” available from, wrote:

“There are seven European Union (E.U.) countries in which no minimum wage is mandated… If we compare the levels of unemployment in these countries with E.U. countries that impose a minimum wage, the results are clear. A minimum wage leads to higher levels of unemployment. In the 21 countries with a minimum wage, the average country has an unemployment rate of 11.8%. Whereas, the average unemployment rate in the seven countries without mandated minimum wages is about one third lower — at 7.9%…

So, minimum wage laws — while advertised under the banner of social justice — do not live up to the claims made by those who tout them. They do not lift low wage earners to a so-called ‘social minimum’. Indeed, minimum wage laws — imposed at the levels employed in Europe — push a considerable number of people into unemployment. And, unless those newly unemployed qualify for government assistance (read: welfare), they will sink below, or further below, the social minimum.”

Apr. 2014

Con 11

Ed Rensi, former CEO of McDonald’s USA, in an Aug. 20, 2013 interview with the Fox Business Network, available from under the title “Would a Minimum Wage Increase Be a Jobs Killer?,” stated:

“The one thing you need to know about the minimum wage, it was designed for entry-level jobs that teach people soft work skills. It was never meant to be a career, it’s meant to be a career starter… If they did this minimum wage thing, I’m telling you there’d be another 15 to 20 percent [of small businesses] that are going to go away… You can’t afford it.”

Aug. 20, 2013

Con 12

Kevin A. Hassett, PhD, Director of Economic Policy Studies at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), and Michael R. Strain, PhD, Research Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) at the time of the quote, in a Mar. 10, 2013 article for the Los Angeles Times titled “The Minimum Wage Debate,” wrote:

“Facts clearly demonstrate that raising the minimum wage is a bad idea.

The case against raising the minimum wage is straightforward: A higher wage makes it more expensive for firms to hire workers. How big an effect does this have on the job market? Economists debate this. But no one argues that increasing the minimum wage increases the number of unemployed workers who find jobs. In the end, the trade-off is clear. People who keep their jobs get more money; those who lose their jobs, or fail to get new ones, suffer…

Why not support increasing the minimum wage? Because it will make it more expensive for businesses to hire young and low-skill workers at a time of crisis-level unemployment. Because it will not alleviate poverty. Because there are much better alternatives to help poor families, and because the minimum wage is a dishonest approach that hides the true cost of the policy.”

Mar. 10, 2013

Con 13

Jeffrey Clemens, PhD, Assistant Professor of Economics at the University of California at San Diego, and Michael J. Wither, PhD, teaching assistant at the University of California at San Diego at the time of the quote, in a Nov. 24, 2014 working paper for the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) titled “The Minimum Wage and the Great Recession: Evidence of Effects on the Employment and Income Trajectories of Low-Skilled Workers,” wrote:

“Over three subsequent years, we find that binding minimum wage increases had significant, negative effects on the employment and income growth of targeted workers. Lost income reflects contributions from employment declines, increased probabilities of working without pay (i.e., an ‘internship’ effect), and lost wage growth associated with reductions in experience accumulation…

Over the late 2000s, the average effective minimum wage rose by 30 percent across the United States. We estimate that these minimum wage increases reduced the national employment-to-population ratio by 0.7 percentage point…

We find that binding minimum wage increases significantly reduced the likelihood that low-skilled workers rose to what we characterize as lower middle class earnings. This curtailment of transitions into lower middle class earnings began to emerge roughly one year following initial declines in low wage employment. Reductions in upward mobility thus appear to follow reductions in access to opportunities for accumulating work experience.”

Nov. 24, 2014

Con 14

George Reisman, PhD, Professor Emeritus of Economics at Pepperdine University, in an Apr. 4, 2014 open letter to US Secretary of Labor, Thomas Perez, available from the under the title “How Minimum Wage Laws Increase Poverty,” wrote:

“Raising the minimum wage is a formula for causing unemployment among the least-skilled members of society. The higher wages are, the higher costs of production are. The higher costs of production are, the higher prices are. The higher prices are, the smaller are the quantities of goods and services demanded and the number of workers employed in producing them…

[T]he higher the minimum wage is raised, the worse are the effects on poor people. This is because, on the one hand, the resulting overall unemployment is greater, while, on the other hand, the protection a lower wage provides against competition from higher-paid workers is more and more eroded. At today’s minimum wage of $7.25 per hour, workers earning that wage are secure against the competition of workers able to earn $8, $9, or $10 per hour. If the minimum wage is increased… to $10.10 per hour, and the jobs that presently pay $7.25 had to pay $10.10, then workers who previously would not have considered those jobs because of their ability to earn $8, $9, or $10 per hour will now consider them… The effect is to expose the workers whose skills do not exceed a level corresponding to $7.25 per hour to the competition of better educated, more-skilled workers presently able to earn wage rates ranging from just above $7.25 to just below $10.10 per hour.”

Apr. 4, 2014

Con 15

Marco Rubio, JD, US Senator (R-FL) and 2016 presidential candidate, in Feb. 13, 2013 comments reported on in part by MSNBC in an article titled “Rubio Takes a Stand Against Minimum Wage,” stated:

“I want people to make a lot more than $9… Nine dollars is not enough. The problem is that you can’t do that by mandating it in the minimum wage laws. Minimum wage laws have never worked in terms of helping the middle class attain more prosperity…

I don’t think a minimum wage law works.”

Feb. 13, 2013

Con 16

Donald Trump, real estate developer and 2016 presidential candidate, in an Aug. 20, 2015 interview with MSNBC’s Morning Joe show, available from MSNBC’s website under the title “Trump: Minimum Wage Isn’t a Bad Thing,” stated:

“You know, we’re in a global economy now. It used to be people would leave New York state and companies would leave New York state or leave another state and go to Florida, go to Texas, go to wherever they go because of the wages, you know all sorts of different things. Well, now it’s not leaving New York or New Jersey or wherever they may be leaving. Now they are leaving the United States and they’re going to other countries because they’re competing for low taxes and they’re competing for low wages and they’re competing for all sorts of things… [W]e are no longer competing against one state against the other, we’re competing, it’s the United States against other places where, Joe [Scarborough], where the taxes are lower, where the wages are lower, where lots of things are lower. Now, I want to create jobs so you don’t have to worry about the minimum wage, you’re doing a great job making much more than the minimum wage. But I think having a low minimum wage is not a bad thing for this country.”

Aug. 20, 2015